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Martindale Growlers

General Information
     When an alternating current is passed through a Growler, it sets up a magnetic flux in the iron of the armature or stator spanned by the jaws of the Growler.
     As this flux passes through any coil, it induces a potential.  A current will flow if the coil is short-circuited.  When current flows, it sets up a magnetic field around the shorted coil which can be detected with an iron feeler.  (The increased load on the Growler sometimes changes the tone of the hum; hence the name "Growler".)  In many cases a meter can be used to measure a change in magnetic flux, or to measure the increased current requirements of the Growler (M-1 Meter-Unit).
     Open coils can also be found; see discussion below.

Model B-1 has adjustable Jaws with
Face Length of 2-1/2".

Model B-1 Growler
Type B-1 Adjustable Bench Growler

     Type B-1 has adjustable jaws 2-1/2" long. Armature capacity: 1" to 18" diameter.  There are no obstructions at the ends of the jaws, thus allowing small armatures with fans, bearings, etc., to fit properly.

Type U-2 Adjustable Growler

Model U-2 Growler
Adjustable Jaws. Face Length 4"
     Type U-2 Growler has adjustable jaws 4" long, and may be used on armatures over 1", and on stators over 5-3/4" inside diameter.

Type F & I-X Growlers

Model F & I-X Growler    
Type F and Type I-X both have built-in feeler.  Type F has fixed position feeler, Type I-X feeler is adjustable.
     Types F and I-X are similar in appearance, with built-in feeler as pictured, except the feeler on the Model I-X is adjustable, which gives is a wider range of applications.  Both have fixed jaws 2" long, and a thumb-switch.
     Both can be used in stators as small as 2-3/8" inside diameter, and on armatures from 2-1/2" diameter up.  The Built-in feeler makes testing a one-hand operation, and is especially desirable in small stators where there isn't room for a separate feeler.  The adjustable feeler on the I-X is more satisfactory where a variety of large and small armatures and stators are involved.

Foot Switch

     A foot Switch with an 8 ft. line cord, and a female connection is available for use with any of the Growlers.  Large armatures cannot be easily rotated without shutting off the Growler current.  This is conveniently done with the Foot-Switch, while the hands are left free to turn the armature.


Type Length Face Range for Armatures, Diam. Range for Stators Diam. Wt.
Lbs. Ship Catalog Number
115 V.
60 Hz.
230 V.
60 Hz.
U-2 4" 1" & up 5-3/4" & up 18-3/4 20 GRLRU2A GRLRU2B
B-1 2-1/2" 1" - 18" - 11-1/4 12-1/2 GRLRB1A GRLRB1B
F 2" 2-1/2"-12" 2-3/8"-12" 3-1/2 5-1/2 GRLRFA GRLRFB
I-X 2" 2-1/2"-12" 2-3/8"-12" 3-1/2 5-1/2 GRLRIXA GRLRIXB
Foot Switch - - 2-1/2 3-1/2 JGRLFSA GRLR19

How Growlers Are Used

     The most common way of using a Growler is the "feeler method" in which the Growler spans a slot containing a coil, and a "feeler" or iron, such as a hack-saw blade is held about 1/4" above the slot containing the other side of the same coil.
Growler in Use with Feeler      If the coil is shorted the feeler will be pulled down to the slot and will stick and vibrate.  The action is very positive and is recognized instantly.
     The feeler can also be used on the same side of the coil that is spanned by the Growler, either a separate feeler or the convenient built-in feeler of Types F and I-X.

Open Circuits

     Open circuits can be detected by shorting adjacent commutator bars with a screw driver, or any other piece of metal.  Good coils will spark as the bars are shorted. No sparks indicate the coil is open.  Test field coils  by shorting lead wires.  Another way is to use a continuity tester such as the ones shown in our catalog.
       Grounds can also be detected with a continuity tester.
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